A catalytic converter is an air pollution control device which converts pollutants and toxic gases in an internal combustion engine’s exhaust gas into less toxic gas by catalyzing the complete redox reaction of oxygen and the pollutants. Catalytic converters are typically comprised of active carbon which absorbs poisonous gases prior to they get to the combustion chamber and filter. Because the carbon absorbs toxic gases it reduces the harmful emissions produced. This is the foundation of many modern vehicle emission control systems and pollution sensors, too.
Manufacturers still use catalytic converters as an alternative to traditional exhaust systems. However, catalytic converters have recently attracted much attention from the media as potential causes of cancer. It is important to understand how a catalytic converter works to remove toxic emissions from engines prior to deciding whether or not it should be included in your vehicle. There are two main parts of a catalytic converter assembly which are the catalyst exhaust and the catalytic convertor assembly. The catalytic converter assembly includes a catalyst mass which serves as the catalyst for the conversion reaction between the pollutants and the exhaust gases from engines.
The catalytic converter is comprised of an aluminum plate, and a stainless steel, or manifold that is chrome-plated. The plate is usually made of a high-density steel, however other metals like titanium and cast iron are also used. The plate, which functions as a catalyst for the conversion reaction, is typically an oxide of ferric oxide. When you perform your annual emissions checks, you must be sure you test the catalytic converter for replacement when it is required, as there is a significant difference in your results from your emissions inspection in the event that this component isn’t replaced.
You must make sure that your catalytic converters operate correctly when you conduct emissions inspections. If your vehicle is exhibiting a high level of carbon monoxide, the converter could react with the exhaust gas to produce carbon dioxide. You can tell whether this is the case by performing an annual inspection. Note the time at which both carbon monoxide as well as the catalytic converter were discovered. If you observe an increase in carbon monoxide, the converter should be replaced.
Properly venting exhaust gases and the catalytic converter is vital to ensure that clean air is filtered out from the outside. If one of the components is leaky and you suspect a catalytic converter leak. Catalytic converter leaks can lead to dangerous levels of toxic substances, like carbon monoxide and other toxic substances within your exhaust system and engine. A catalytic converter leak can result in significantly higher emission levels and poor performance, which is why it is crucial to immediately have these components repaired or replaced.
It is also recommended to conduct a diagnosis of any problems in your vehicle whenever you conduct your annual maintenance. By identifying these components, you identify which parts, if any, are at fault for a slow or faulty start, poor idle quality or excessive wear and tear on parts such as brakes and other engine parts, and general poor performance. It is imperative to immediately take your vehicle to a Synchrony shop when you notice any symptoms such as excessive noise, vibration, and decreased performance. This is especially important when the symptoms take place during driving at night, or if you think you have to stop more often than usual. In this situation replacing your catalytic converter may not only be necessary but also the most cost-effective alternative.
If you notice any leaks in your exhaust system, the muffler is usually the first component to be examined. To replace it or to check on your catalytic converter, you should call a Synchrony certified technician. The exhaust system is made up of a catalytic converter, a muffler, a tail pipe, and an exhaust manifold. Each of these components is crucial to a safe and complete exhaust system. If any of these components fails the exhaust system won’t work properly. If you notice a decrease in fuel mileage or decreased horsepower, the catalytic converter is required to be replaced.
In the majority of times, a catalytic convertor needs to be upgraded. If the catalytic converter has suffered significant erosion due to corrosion, a catalyst might be required to dissolve the existing crystal matrix. There are many synchrochemicals that you can purchase, including palladium and rhodium as well as cobalt. They are made of palladium and platinum, and provide the same catalytic reaction as the original platinum catalyst, but without the cost.
know more about how to recycle catalytic converters here.